Unfortunately, the history of humanity has been violent and bloody since the beginning of time. We have witnessed enough violence and enough wars, but our craving for peace is far from being satisfied.
The Vietnam War was sandwiched between technological advances in many fields and the still-human presence on the battlefields. Thanks to this, we have plenty of images that portray terrible human situations in ways that dramatically influenced our perception of the war. Some people opposed the war because of these images – and some of the most iconic ones were not even taken in conflict zones. The best example of such an image is Marc Riboud's photograph known as Flower Child, which portrays a courageous young girl opposing a large and threatening group of armed men outside the Pentagon during a peaceful protest against the Vietnam War.
Still imagery and video have been affecting our perception of many conflicts and wars over the years, and especially the Vietnam War. Due to technological advances in photography, photojournalists could venture inside battlefields without much technical trouble. In fact, press agencies didn't train the photographers who were commissioned to cover the war. Nowadays it is different, and photojournalism has even taken a step further by training photographers via a risk-focused program that helps them evaluate risks before they enter a danger zone. The news coverage of the Vietnam War supported the era’s widespread patriotism. The news was bold, and this fact helped people become conscious of the great struggles both parties were enduring. I believe this way of transmitting news made opposition movements stronger.
Vietnam War reportage was not just illustrated by photography, but also with video, and many people believe that this image resource made people even more conscious of the horrors of the Vietnam War in the 1960s and 1970s. The saturation of horrifying images played an important role in shaping public opinion and awareness of the truth behind the war.
Iconic Images of the Vietnam War
Identifying the most iconic images of the Vietnam War is hard, but there are some key images that still haunt people thanks to their raw nature.
The self-immolation of Buddhist monk Thích Quảng Đức happened as a protest against the South Vietnamese government’s persecution of Buddhists. A violent reality that was summed up the context of the War. Malcolm Browne was the only western photographer who managed to capture the immolation in spite of the notice that the monks had given to the press that something big would occur within the next few days. The Vietnamese government controlled the press, but thanks to Browne's documentation of the immolation, this tremendous act of protest saw the global light of day. The image itself is truly an iconic image of the time.
The image shows General Nguyen Ngoc Loan killing a Vietcong officer known as Nguyen Van Lem. Due to footage that is still available even on YouTube, we know this moment happened quickly, but thanks to the quick reflexes of Eddie Adams, the still image exists – and it is more powerful than the motion films. This image was seen by the whole world, and internet was not even around the corner. Images like this, shown constantly, helped people form their own self-awareness about the horrors of war.
The image speaks for itself about the horrible tragedies of war. The picture features a naked 9-year-old girl, Phan Thị Kim Phúc, running toward the camera and away from a South Vietnamese napalm attack on North Vietnamese troops at Trảng Bàng village.
The documentation by the press of the massacre showed people some of the estimated 425 murdered civilians, an atrocity had that remained largely out of the public eye.
Such a vast topic must be studied in depth by the younger generations of people that didn’t experience the broadcasting of the war. The errors of the past need to be kept alive by historians, in order to prevent the same mistakes from happening again. Here are some links that better illustrate the images that made an entire generation more aware about what was going on in this part of the world:
Photography changed our perception of the Vietnam War. Through photographic imagery, the entire world bore witness to the constant and daily endless river of blood and violence. Nowadays the iconic images mentioned above, along with the flying Hueys and exploding Napalm fireballs, are symbols that pop immediately into our mind when we think of the Vietnam War.
Many photographers perished documenting this war. Even Robert Capa died while covering the early beginnings of the conflict, and the images that we are able to still look at are a constant reminder of the horrors humanity has endured in history. Photography changes everything, and our perception of conflicts has changed hand-in-hand with the evolution of photographic technology. It all started with the nineteenth century images of the U.S. Civil War aftermaths, and with faster mediums the possibilities of capturing war at its roughest also got bigger. We as human beings have the responsibility to not forget all the horrors that were endured in times of war, and war photos are a constant reminder not to repeat them. As a tool of opposition and protest, to a way to provide evidence of the cruelty of war, photography has been an important tool and weapon.